Custom Cartoon 3D Mugs
What is plastic?

A plastic is a type of synthetic or man-made polymer; similar in many ways to natural resins found in trees and other plants. Webster’s Dictionary defines polymers as: any of various complex organic compounds produced by polymerization, capable of being molded, extruded, cast into various shapes and films, or drawn into filaments and then used as textile fibers.

Why do we use Soft PVC + Plastic Mug

Unbreakable gentle percent rubber mugs are bright colored, excellent touch feeling and 3D alleviation result make it welcomed to youngsters. The material of the outer floor is eco-friendly PVC and the inside body is ABS; respectively adopts gentle percent craft and injection craft. The plastic mug wrapped with 2D or 3D designed soft PVC material and high rack dishwasher trustworthy. The common dimension for smooth P.C. Section is set W.237mm x H.78mm. It’s personalized rubber mugs are additionally prime rack dishwasher reliable.

Firstly, the custom colorful design, fashion and unique,3D effect touch feel, kids and young people love it very much, it suits their personality and trundling.

Secondly, promotion, advertising your brand or company, custom your company logo on it, and the logo are permanent with the mug, all of the people use the cup every day, which adds a huge amount of exposure to your company. Small cost and big exposure is a very cost-effective thing

Otherwise, Temperature is one of the key factors that affect the taste of coffee. Because it is hot, people drink it by sipping slowly so as not to burn their tongue.

People also take their time drinking coffee to savor its flavor. Nobody wants to rush through their coffee latte. However, as coffee cools down, its flavor also deteriorates.

It becomes cold coffee and is no longer tasty. In order to maintain their maximum flavor, it should be kept insulated for as long as possible.

This is the reason why the thermal coffee up with lid is so abundant in the market, so you can keep your coffee hot and fresh for a longer period of time.

The thermal coffee mug is specially designed to keep your beverage insulated for a longer period compared to your ordinary ceramic mug.

Ideally, the best kind of mug to keep coffee insulated is the vacuum mug made of stainless steel which can keep your beverage at its optimum temperature for 4 to 8 hours.

These mugs may come with a stainless steel lid or a plastic lid to retain the heat and to prevent the coffee from spilling out.

Another type of thermal mug that is also popular is the soft PVC mugs.

These items are made of double-walled, durable plastic in order to keep the temperature from cooling too quickly.

Though not as good, the plastic mug is still a very effective way of keeping coffee hot. They usually come with plastic lids to keep it from spilling and to retain the temperature.

The ceramic mug with lid is a rare kind of coffee mug. These are not as popular as the stainless steel thermal mugs or the double-walled plastic tumblers because of their fragility.

They are not ideal to be taken out for traveling because they break easily. The major advantage it has over the stainless steel and plastic counterpart is that it is microwavable.

They do not come with a ceramic lid; instead, they come with silicone covers that can be stretched over the lip of the mug.

Still, one of the simplest and most effective ways of keeping coffee insulated is by using a coffee cup with lid.

Having the lid over any kind of cup is vital in retaining the heat of the beverage. An open cup lets out the heat faster and air also comes in contact with the coffee while the cup with lid is a simple and inexpensive solution to these problems.

Though not as effective as the thermal mug, the simple coffee cup with lid is still better than your ordinary ceramic mug and will keep coffee hot for 10 to 15 minutes more than the ordinary ceramic mug.

A Little History

The history of manufactured plastics goes back more than 100 years; however, when compared to other materials, plastics are relatively modern. Their usage over the past century has enabled society to make huge technological advances. Although plastics are thought of as a modern invention, there have always been “”natural polymers such as amber, tortoise shells and animal horns. These materials behaved very much like today’s manufactured plastics and were often used similar to the way manufactured plastics are currently applied. For example, before the sixteenth century, animal horns, which before transparent and pale yellow when heated, were sometimes used to replace glass.

Alexander Parkes unveiled the first man-made plastic at the 1862 Great International Exhibition in London. This material-which was dubbed Parkesine, now called celluloid-was an organic material derived from cellulose that once heated could be molded but retained its shape when cooled. Parkes claimed that this new material could do anything that rubber was capable of, yet at a lower price. He had discovered a material that could be transparent as well as carved into thousands of different shapes.

In 1907,chemist Leo Hendrik Baekeland, while striving to produce a synthetic varnish, stumbled upon the formula for a new synthetic polymer originating from coal tar.He subsequently named the new substance “Bakelite”. Bakelite, once formed, could not be melted. Because of its properties as an electrical insulator, Bakelite was used in the production of high-tech objects including cameras and telephones. It was also used in the production of ashtrays and as a substitute for jade, marble and amber. By 1909,Baekland had coined “plastics” as the term to describe this completely new category of materials.

The first patent for polyvinyl chloride(PVC),a substance now used widely in vinyl siding and water pipes, was registered in 1914.Cellophane was also discovered during this period.

Plastics did not really take off until after the First World War, with the use of petroleum, a substance easier to process than coal into raw materials. Plastics served as substitutes for wood, glass and metal during the hardship times of World War’s I & II. After World War II, newer plastics, such as polyurethane, polyester, silicone, polypropylene, and polycarbonate joined polymethyl methacrylate and polystyrene and PVC in widespread applications. Many more would follow and by the 1960s,plastic were within everyone’s reach due to their inexpensive cost. Plastics had thus come to be considered ‘common’-a symbol of the consumer society.

Since the 1970s,we have witnessed the advent of ‘high-tech’ plastics used in demanding fields such as health and technology. New types and forms of plastics with new or improved performance characteristics continue to be developed.

From daily tasks to our most unusual needs, plastics have increasingly provided the performance characteristics that fulfill consumer needs at all levels. Plastics are used in such a wide range of applications because they are uniquely capable of offering many different properties that offer consumer benefits unsurpassed by other materials. They are also unique in that their properties may be customized for each individual end use application.

Polymerization
Raw Materials

Oil and natural gas are the major raw materials used to manufacture plastics. The plastics production process often begins by treating components of crude oil or natural gas in a “cracking process.” This process results in the conversion of these components into hydrocarbon monomers such as ethylene and propylene. Further processing leads to a wider range of monomers such as styrene, vinyl chloride, ethylene glycol, terephthalic acid and many others. These monomers are then chemically bonded into chains called polymers. The different combinations of monomers yield plastics with a wide range of properties and characteristics.

Plastics

Many common plastics are made from hydrocarbon monomers. These plastics are made by linking many monomers together into long chains to form a polymer backbone. Polyethylene, polypropylene and polystyrene are the most common examples of there. Below is a diagram of polyethylene, the simplest plastic structure.

Even though the basic makeup of many plastics is carbon and hydrogen, other elements can also be involved. Oxygen, chlorine, fluorine and nitrogen are also found in the molecular makeup of many plastics. Polyvinyl chloride(PVC) contains chlorine. Nylon contains nitrogen. Teflon contains fluorine. Polyester and polycarbonates contain oxygen.

Characteristics of Plastics

Plastics are divided into two distinct groups: thermoplastics and thermo sets. The majority of plastics are thermoplastic, meaning that once the plastic is formed it can be heated and reformed repeatedly. Celluloid is a thermoplastic. This property allows for easy processing and facilitates recycling. The other group, the thermo sets, cannot be remelted. Once these plastics are formed, reheating will cause the material to decompose rather than melt. Bakelite, poly phenol formaldehyde, is a thermo set.

Each plastic has very distinct characteristics, but most plastics have the following general attributes.

  1. Plastics can be very resistant to chemicals. Consider all the cleaning fluids in your home that are packaged in plastic. The warning labels describing what happens when the chemical comes into contact with skin or eyes or is ingested, emphasizes the chemical resistance of these materials. While solvents easily dissolve some plastics, other plastics provide safe, on-breakable packages for aggressive solvents.
  2. Plastics can be both thermal and electrical insulators. A walk through your house will reinforce this concept. Consider all the electrical appliances, cords, outlets and wiring that are made or covered with plastics. Thermal resistance is evident in the kitchen with plastic pot and pan handles, coffee pot handles, the foam core of refrigerators and freezers, insulated cups, coolers and microwave cookware. The thermal underwear that many skiers wear is made of polypropylene and the fiberfill in many winter jackets is acrylic or polyester.
  3. Generally, plastics are very light in weight with varying degrees of strength. Consider the range of applications, from toys to the frame structure of space stations, or from delicate nylon fiber in pantyhose to Kevlar®, which is used in bulletproof vests. Some polymers float in water while others sink. But, compared to the density of stone, concrete, steel, copper, or aluminum, all plastics are lightweight materials.
  4. Plastics can be processed in various ways to produce thin fibers or very intricate parts. Plastics can be molded into bottles or components of cars, such as dashboards and fenders. Some plastics stretch and are very flexible. Other plastics, such as polyethylene, polystyrene(Styrofoam™) and polyurethane, can be foamed. Plastics can be molded into drums or be mixed with solvents to become adhesives or paints. Elastomers and some plastics stretch and are very flexible.
  5. Polymers are materials with a seemingly limitless range of characteristics and colors. Polymers have many inherent properties that can be further enhanced by a wide range of additives to broaden their uses and applications. Polymers can be made to mimic cotton, silk, and wool fibers; porcelain and marble; and aluminum and zinc. Polymers can also make possible products that do not readily come from the natural world, such as clear sheets, foamed insulation board, and flexible films. Plastics may be molded or formed to produce many kinds of products with application in many major markets.
  6. Polymers are usually made of petroleum, but not always. Many polymers are made of repeat units derived from natural gas or coal or crude oil. But building block repeat units can sometimes be made from renewable materials such as polylactic acid from corn or cellulosic from cotton linters. Some plastics have always been made from renewable materials such as cellulose acelate used for screwdriver handles and gift ribbon. When the building blocks can be made more economically from renewable materials than from fossil fuels, either old plastics find new raw materials or new plastics are introduced.
Durables vs. Non-Durables

All types of soft PVC mug products are classified within the plastic industry as being either a durable or non-durable plastic good. These classifications are used to refer to a product’s expected life.

Products with a useful life of three years or more are referred to as durables. They include appliances, furniture, consumer electronics, automobiles, and building and construction materials.

Products with a useful life of less than three years are generally referred to as non-durables. Common applications include packaging, trash bags, cups, eating utensils, sporting and recreational equipment, toys, medical devices and disposable diapers.

Conclusion

Polyvinyl Chloride(PVC) has excellent transparency, chemical resistance, long term stability, good weather ability and stable electrical properties. Vinyl products can be broadly divided into rigid and flexible materials. Rigid applications are concentrated in construction markets, which includes pipe and fittings, siding, rigid flooring and windows. PVC’s success in pipe and fittings can be attributed to its resistance to most chemicals, imperviousness to attach by bacteria or micro-organisms, corrosion resistance and strengly.

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